With a little more than 1,228 km of coastline and an area of 51,100 km2, the Republic of Costa Rica is located in Central America and is surrounded by the Caribbean Sea to the east, the Pacific Ocean to the west, the Republic of Panama to the southeast and the Republic of Nicaragua to the north.
It has 8 maritime ports throughout the country (three ports on the Caribbean coast and five on the Pacific coast).
MARITIME PORT DIVISION
The Maritime Port Division (DVMP) is part of the Ministry of Public Works and Transportation (MOPT) and according to Article 1 of Executive Decree No. 40803-MOPT, part of its duties is to contribute to the strengthening "...of the transportation sector in accordance with the plans, policies and institutional strategies with the purpose of fortifying the leadership of the Minister over the Port Administrations and the other agencies involved in the field."
It is important to distinguish that in Costa Rica the maritime activity is carried out by the Directorate of Navigation and Safety, which is part of the Maritime and Port Division of the MOPT, and other authorities with concurrent competences in the matter.
The national port authority is the MOPT; however, it is important to point out that there are two regional port authorities, one on the Caribbean coast, JAPDEVA, and the other on the Pacific coast, INCOP.
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